Autism since 1900s has referred to a variety of neuro-psychological conditions. The word “autism,” comes from the Greek word “autos,” which means “self.”
Autism refers to conditions in which a person is removed from social interaction. So, an individual has an isolated self.
Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler was the first one to use the term. In 1911, he began using it to deacribe one group of symptoms of schizophrenia.
Researchers in the United States began to use the term “autism” in the 1040s to describe kids with social or emotional problems.
A doctor from Johns Hopkins University, Leo Kanner, used it to describe the withdrawn behavior of some children he studied. Also at that time, German scientist Hans Asperger identified a similar condition that’s now called Asperger’s syndrome.
Schizophrenia and autism have been linked in many researchers’ minds. But in the 1960s, it was only then that medical professionals started to have a separate understanding of kids with autism.
In 1960s to 1970s, studies into treatmenta for autism centered on medications such as electric shock, LSD and behavioral change techniques.
The role of behavioral therapy and the use of highly controlled learning environments emerged as the main treatments for many forms of autism and related conditions in the 1980s to 1990s.
Today, the cornerstones of autism therapy are behavioral therapy and language therapy. Other treatments are added as needed.
What Are the Symptoms of Autism?
One symptom prevalent to all types of autism is an inability to communicate and interact with others with ease.
Some people with autism are unable to communicate at all. Others may have problems demonstrating body language or maintaining a conversation.
Other symptoms may include unusual behaviors in any of these areas:
Interest in objects or specialized informationReactions to sensationsPhysical coordination
Autism symptoms are usually detected early in development. Generally, children with severe autism are diagnosed by age 3. While those with milder forms of autism, such as Asperger’s syndrome, may not be diagnosed until later, when their problems with social interaction cause difficulties at school.
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